One hundred and one years have now passed since the writing of “Art as Technique” by Viktor Shklovsky and ostranenie has become widespread in literary study and analysis around the world. The conference organised by the University of Genoa offers an occasion to reflect upon the modernity of Shklovsky’s concept and assess its legacy. What is left of ostranenie today? Can we use it within the field of gynocriticism? Can we read it from a sensory perspective? What does it mean to build a literary canon according to the principle of ostranenie?